Despite the ocean’s critical role in regulating climate—and providing food security and livelihoods for millions of people—international climate negotiations have only minimally considered impacts on the ocean. Will fisheries and the ocean take a back seat to forestry and overall emissions in Paris?
The Climate Change Convention is structured based on emissions of greenhouse gasses within national territories. Despite the fact that oceans are being directly affected by rising temperatures, they are not included in the Convention or in the negotiations due to their transboundary nature. This does not mean we can forget about the oceans. I permanently carry a blue marble with me everywhere I go to remind me of the oceans.
And one more question -- the UN seems to have put a lot of emphasis on the presence of youth, but once at the negotiations, the youth are pretty universally ignored in the process. Last year in Lima at the close of the negotiations, I watched the speaker from YUNGO, who was also from a small island country, give a moving, heart-wrenching account of her country's fight for its very survival under climate change. And at the same time, I watched almost every single negotiator get up and leave during the middle of her speech. So my question is this: why is there such an emphasis on youth presence during the process when the unspoken message is that we are not wanted, and have nothing to contribute to the actual outcomes of the negotiations? What can the international community do in Paris to include youth as more than just tokens?
In my experience, the most powerful influence of young people or any other member of civil society takes place on a 1-to-1 basis in direct conversations with government delegates. Furthermore, that voice is more listened to when it is deeply informed of the issues at hand, when it is well reasoned and when it reaches beyond current comfort but does not venture into the unattainable.
Have you seen the documentary Cowspiracy? If you did, what were your thoughts on it, and if you didn't, how do you feel regarding the impact of modern agriculture on climate change, versus that of the use of fossil fuels?
Came here to ask this. Not surprised that it didn't get a response.
I said it elsewhere: methane is a low priority because it doesn't stick around in our atmosphere very long. CH4 lasts for at best 12 years and is conveniently reactive whereas CO2 hangs out for centuries. Also our methane levels have pretty much leveled out in recent years.
Late to the party and not OP obviously, but hoping to shed some light on agriculture and the UNFCCC.
I haven't seen the documentary, but it is a false dichotomy to say modern agriculture versus fossil fuels? Modern agriculture relies on fossil fuels the same way any other modern industry does, from transportation of the final product to production of inputs (fertilizers, insecticides, etc.) to the fuels the machinery use to run. And the greenhouse gas sources that are unique to the ag sector, such as methane production from ruminants, are a product of consumer demand, not a feature unique to the modern agricultural system. If we changed the fuel mix used to produce ag products, but maintained the demand for beef, that methane would still be produced.
Guess we need to tweet her the question again to get an answer
Rice agriculture is also a very large contributor to global methane production, but people really like rice so it's not talked about a lot. However, as ruminant animals are the largest contributors of methane (largest source we can control at least), I would also like to read her response to this question.
I've seen Cowspriacy too. Very scary how the government will not discuss this..
There's two major caveats overlooked in Cowspiracy - whether intentionally or not (and quite a bit of other misinformation, but I digress):
Hi, I'm not the OP but can try and help answer this. The problem in the past is that only developed nations were making these commitments. Notably, China and India refused to engage. Now they are engaging (through Herculean efforts by Obama). So the goals aren't as abstract as you make them sound. The Paris accord will achieve significant reductions in developed nations by 2030. Most countries are already on the path to these reductions. That's not 7 US presidencies - that's about half of that. Keep in mind that these are long-term issues that require long-term solutions. We can't just eliminate coal power in one year. We can't build enough solar panels in one year to move everything to renewables. But under Obama's presidency we've seen the largest wave of coal power pant closures ever (roughly 1/3 of them).
You highlight population as a leading issue for tackling climate change:
I am not OP, but in my view we will need to increase the standard of living of those in the developing countries, particularly in India and Sub-Saharan Africa. By providing these areas with stability and longer life expectancies via vaccines, clean/cheap energy, and providing the Internet, we should be able to lower birth rates as we have seen in Europe and the Americas. Another big part of that would be increasing agricultural efficiency, which is about informing farmers, providing them with robust seeds, and giving them access to financing and banking via mobile phones. It's a multifaceted challenge that Bill Gates spends a ton of energy on.
Increasing wealth and education does this. No need for death panels or forced sterilization.
Do you consider the agreement of France, UK and China of last week to cooperate in nuclear energy a favorable development, given that it cuts back renewable energies in the UK and locks in a nuclear energy future?
A nuclear/renewable mix is vastly preferable to the fossil fuel / LOL mix we have today.
The use of nuclear energy is a decision that is and remains a sovereign responsibility of each country. It is clearly a non-GHG emitting source, however in its use every country will have to consider the other potential consequences as well as the rising cost of additional safety measures that have now been proven to be necessary.
More and more the world is recognizing that maybe the 2 degree goal is not something that’s going to be achieved out of the Paris agreement. INDCs submitted to date fall short. This is something you have recognized yourself via Twitter. Given the purpose of Paris and previous COP meetings was to achieve this 2 degree goal to prevent catastrophic climate change, what hope do you see in the world?
I have been pellucidly clear that the agreement in Paris is not going to reach a 2 degree limit on temperature rise as though that were something we can take off a magical shelf and put on the table. I have been equally clear that getting us on to the 2 degree pathway is entirely possible. This is why the Paris agreement will have two very important components with regard to emission reductions: First, it will harness all the national climate change plans which as a group, if fully implemented, already substantially reduce the BAU growth in emissions. Second, in recognition that this first set of INDCs is a departure point and not a destination, the Paris agreement will construct a path of ever-increasing emission reductions with periodic checkpoints of progress until we get to the 2 degree pathway.
About 10 years ago there was a huge UN conference about climate change, in Bali, Indonesia. The airport had to shut down because so many delegates showed up in small privately chartered jets, as opposed to flying coach on regular commercial flight.
I have quite the same dilemma too. By reducing my impact I’d never achieve more than just me disappearing from the earth and that’s still very little to stop Global Warming. In the meantime your random neighbor just literally wastes all the energy (s)he can financially afford. If your impact is already quite low, I wonder it’d be more effective to work on changing products in the market for lower impact that would attract current high-impact consumers.
The top comment is about Cowspiracy, which touches on these topics, and unfortunately did not receive a response. Looks like they're choosing to ignore this topic--it's amazing how touchy it is compared to the decidedly abstract "reduce emissions" goal.
You are totally in the right field! CSP is very promising, but as you know still needs a way to go to bring down costs and expand deployment. Please do continue your research and take a leadership role in increasing renewable energy around the world.
Do you struggle with your lifestyle knowing that you are a contributer to climate change? What about your colleagues, how does this affect your ability to work?
Yes I am very conscious that I am personally a high emitter given the air travel that I have to do for my job. It does seem in congruous to be fully aware of the need to reduce emissions and yet for the time being be such a high emitter myself. As long as I have the responsibilities that I do, I have to incur these emissions but that will not be my lifestyle forever. In the meantime, in order to be climate neutral and support mitigation and adaptation projects in developing countries, I have purchased Certified Emissions Reductions from the Adaptation Fund using the Climate Neutral Now program (
What signs do you see that Paris will be different than Copenhagen?
Less SUVs on site
Hello Ms. Figueres,
Hi thanks for doing this Ms. Figueres. I have an uncomfortable question. For almost 25 years we've been relying on the UNFCCC for action on this issue and you've acknowledged yourself that COP21 will not meet the 2 degree target. What do we do if the international system is just not equipped for humanity to deal with this issue?
Since this is a global problem, how do you plan to get every country in the world to implement clean alternatives?Which countries would be the hardest? In other words, do you have a plan for a resolution on a global scale/what is it?
Ms Figueres, very glad to see you doing an AMA.
All of the INDCs, or national climate plans submitted by 155 countries now, are potential blueprints for investment, each country having identified the sectors that are priority for them. There is much interest now in helping particularly developiung countries take these proposals for policies and measures to the point where they can become investment plans. With $90 trillion set to be invested over the next 15 years in infrastructure and energy there is much potential!
How much money will we be taxed for driving under your plan? Here in CA we already have an added 12 cents on our gasoline purchases because of a "carbon tax"
In Ohio, if we eliminated taxes on gas, our gas would be about 40 cents a gallon.
How can the predictions of climate models be verified? And don't say back-testing on the data they were trained on.
Okay, I know next to nothing about climate models specifically, but for any decent model of anything, the data that is used to test the model is never touched during the training process. This means that even if we use data that we've had all along (not just waiting for more data to appear) we're not "back-testing" on observations that've been seen during the training step.
I've lost count of the number of lawsuits filed against the Clean Power Plan, which is obviously a big part of the U.S. commitment. How do legal challenges against (and uncertainties about implementing) core pieces of countries' INDCs affect the credibility of the negotiations and the ability to reach a deal in December?
Ms. Figueres, thanks for doing this. It seems to me that among the negotiators, civil society presence at the COP is a an unnecessary nuisance. In Lima, civil society observers were kicked out of one of the last ADP sessions -- we just saw the same thing happen in Bonn. I have two questions for you:
The role of civil society in continuing to encourage ambition expressed in both environmental integrity and social fairness is critical to all our negotiations. At the same time, the UNFCCC is an intergovernmental treaty body designed for the purpose of governments reaching common ground with each other. Over the past 5 years, we have consistently increased the transparency of the intergovernmental process by providing constant and timely information about the proceedings on our website and by encouraging frequent and open stocktaking plenaries. We have also not only allowed but frankly even supported actions on the part of civil society representatives as long as they stay within the agreed rules of conduct.
How do you feel about the future of electric vehicles?
What is your opinion on the viability of large indoor farms? Specifically to be created in already developed nations. Avoids environmental and unsustainable pitfalls of traditional agriculture
I'm an aspiring geography student and would love to hear Ms. Figueres' thoughts on the feasibility and sustainability of carbon capture and storage (CCS) on a global scale. It would reduce greenhouse gas emissions and allow continued exploitation of fossil fuels which are a dependable source of energy, what are your thoughts on this to complement renewables?
I have been all over the world and can say with novice authority that the only people that care about climate change are the ones already affecting change. What is your Global Climate Change Agreement going to do about countries like China, Korea, Philippines, Thailand, India etc who simply don't care about pollution? How would you enforce any agreement?
Why even start an AMA if you won't answer top questions and have so few responses? Not only have most of your answers been simply platitudes but your position is as weak as all these ridiculous climate summits that never really intend to do anything significant to address the issues at hand.
It's a hoax right?
Can you speak to the fact that it appears that the UN is only posturing on this particular issue?
Who should they sanction? Australia?
What are you doing to mitigate Brazil's aggressive selling off, and clearcutting, of their rainforest; 20% cut in the past 40 years with another 20% projected to be cut in just 20 more years?
Have you considered the effect eliminating 75% of the human population would do re: Climate Change? Are we approaching a point where richer countries may attempt the unthinkable in order to ensure their survival?
How important do you think is a reduction in meat eating for reducing global climate change?
How can we address how monied interests (carbon energy corporations, agribusiness) try to use local pressure on their own governments to agitate against the kinds of reforms necessary to confront Climate Change?
Why should anyone take the UN seriously after what happened with Saudi Arabia?
What role do you see for international mechanisms such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), which is designed to assist developed countries achieve emission reductions and help poor nations access financing for clean energy, for the post 2020 world? Given the US and EU's indication in their INDCs that they will not be participating in a new system, what can we expect?
Do you see a role for smart nuclear power in creating a sustainable, yet energy-hungry, world?
Knowing that the aviation sector is one of the biggest emitters of carbon, how can we encourage people to choose cleaner modes of transport (e.g. railway), instead of choosing budget airlines (especially for domestic travel) when going abroad? Especially now when plane tickets are so cheap, people has less incentive to travel using other modes of transport, especially if it is more costly.
Can you comment on the role of cities in leading climate change adaptation and mitigation? As an aspiring urban planner, I'm especially interested in how the Habitat III conference is connected to COP21. Where should urban planning focus in the future?
The expansion of urbanization and growth of cities in the future is well known. What is less understood is how we can plan and develop cities that are more organically grown and lived in than built and operated. If we look at future cities from the atmosphere’s perspective lived-in gardens, not expansive Lego-scapes.
What do you have to say about France's top weatherman getting in trouble because he dared to question your narrative?
How do you justify pushing for stricter power gen regulations in the US when China, India, and middle eastern countries have nearly no emissions controls?
What's your estimate for how many times a day you say "climate change"?
In one of your interventions in Bonn, you made emphasis in the financial situation for the Climate Summit, is this absence of donors still a problem?
In your opinion, will the upcoming deal help mitigate climate-induced forced migration? How to ensure it does?
What did you think of the kolbert new yorker article on you -- anything that surprised you or things you found out you didn't know?
+1 for the only other person I can see mentioning overpopulation. It still seems to be a total taboo. It is the root cause and the main solution
Let's assume the UN Climate Change Official from year 2115 has travelled back in time, and you could ask him/her ONE question. What question would you ask?
Do you think any of the current renewable technologies will have the capacity and sustainability to power the world beyond the near future?
Will China do anything to change it's ways? Because it's all for nothing if China and India don't do anything different. And we all know they won't. I lived there for some time teaching english and oh my god the pollution is so bad even in the nice areas.
What do you say to those who think climate change is a myth? (I'm actually trying to prove a point to my freinds)
How will you tackle the Chinese?
What impact do wildfires, volcanic activity, coal seam fires, natural gas vents, etc have on global warming and what is its statistical significance? How does it compare with the human greenhouse gas emissions? Is there a way to differentiate?
Which institution granted you your PhD in atmospheric chemistry, and why was it University of Phoenix?
Why do you have to meet in person? Wouldn't a video conference work just as well? Doesn't seem too environmentally friendly to fly in people from all over the world.
Why do you have a climate conference where all these world leaders/climate activists have to travel to get to? In this age of instant communications, use of climate damaging travel isn't necessary. It's a media show and nothing more.
You sound like a shill. Why won't you answer the hard questions? What's your agenda?
What can individuals do to influence our countries to make greater contributions to combating climate change?
As an individual you can first be aware of your own climate footprint, reduce as much as possible and then offset emissions so you can be an example of climate neutrality now. You can also use the power of your vote to support political leaders who are on the right side of history. And finally, you can use your wallet to send clear messages that the goods and services you want have to be low-carbon.
Why has this sub become a place for propaganda and not much else?
So Christina, will you be as ineffective as the rest of the United Nations?
How do we get rich off this? How are you investing your money?
Will Paris negotiations include talks on how to deal with increased refugees and natural disasters (including food and water shortages resulting from droughts) that will result from even slightly increased temperatures?
Regarding free rider issues, at what point is there a critical mass of will and resources so that action at the global level can proceed, regardless of the remaining free riders? In the context of this question, what resources are most important to leverage in your efforts to combat climate change?
Dear Christiana, how will the COP 21 address the problem of the oceans' acidification? Which mitigation solutions are proposed? Is there a dedicated fund for the oceans? Obrigada! (Mel, Portugal)
The current presidential nomination process in the U.S. is haphazardly underway; given that the U.S. has an important responsibility as a world power, with or without endorsement, are there any particular candidates that you think have done a good job in highlighting, bringing attention to, and planning for a more sustainable and Earth positive future?
Do you think the new government in Canada will be serious about climate change? Many of the premiers are coming with the new PM to the Paris conference.
What are you thoughts on atmospheric CO2 capture? In my opinion it is the only real solution to solving our greenhouse gas problem.
Why does Global Warming Cult want to hurt billions of human beings and kill millions more so they can have their beliefs adhered to? Also why does the cult believe they can raise and lower the earths temps at will?
Do you ever get depressed about our collective failure thus far to take serious measures to halt and/or reverse climate change? If so, what do you do to cheer yourself up?
I don’t get depressed but I do get frustrated with the pace of progress. I stay focused because of my daughters and all the sons and daughters to come.
What will you do if climate change turns out to be a hoax/conspiracy?
That would be extremely unlikely.
If you had to convince me that anthropogenic climate change was both real and a serious threat (I personally believe it is not and is a government scam designed to funnel tax money into NGOs) what papers, arguments or other references would you first go to be in order to sway me? Thank you.
If you had to convince me that anthropogenic climate change is a government scam designed to funnel tax money into NGOs, what papers, arguments or other references would you first go to be in order to sway me? Thank you.
Properly explaining climate change is not too easy, especially if one has to talk with a sceptic. Anyway, here’s a good page that explains it in detail:
So how does it feel to be pushing pseudoscience?
Fuck you. The UN is a joke, and so is climate change. Why do you deny science??
What is the ideal climate?
What would you to say to the people that don't believe in global warming?
How does it feel to be a leader in the greatest scam in human history?
which part is a scam?
Why was it global warming but now it's climate change? Have you accepted the fact that humans are not the main cause of climate change and we are powerless to stop the earth doing what it wants? It is folly to think we can undo billions years of evolution in 200 years.
This person said they actually want to cool the planet, and that is going to happen no matter what we do, we are headed for another ice age, it's just a matter of time.
You recently called the $100 Billion Dollar per year climate adaptation fund "peanuts" and said that in fact $90 Trillion would be required over 15 years.
Didn't you guys make enough money with this hoax already?
Sooooo is the Earth getting warmer or colder? None of you "climate specialists" have a straight answer. Is climate change real? Or is it just a way to manipulate society?
In your opinion, what are the chances that the upcoming deal legally recognises #climate refugees ?
If we do not do our job properly, we will have painful situations of forced migration. Perhaps to a scale we cannot even imagine. That is precisely why it is so urgent that we agree on a path to reduce global emissions within the boundaries of science.
What role can/should Latin America, and esp. your home country Costa Rica, play in fighting climate change?
Given its extremely clean energy generation, Costa Rica is one of the world’s lowest emitters. However, that has not stopped Costa Rica from assuming its responsibility to identify the mitigation contribution it can make in addition to identifying the urgent adaptation measures it must take. What can Latin America do? Do you want 5 pages on that? But bottom line, every country can and must contribute in the way that makes the most sense to them given their natural resource base, geographic location, emission reduction potential and vulnerability.
Were you glad when you heard that Justin Trudeau was elected as the PM of Canada and is planning on going to the Paris talks, in contrast with the plans from exPM Harper?
Additionally, is Trudeau's large delegate of premiers and opposition leaders unusual for climate conferences, and if so, do you think it's a good idea, or is centralized control important to good climate policy?
What are your stand on Danish environmentalist Bjørn Lomborg's views of combatting global warming through 'smarter' solutions rather than attempting to cut CO2 (Kyoto deal and onward) - which has made little to no difference, whilst costing billions of dollars annualy?
You should know
The most intense hurricane on record just hit a densely populated, poor country and yet nobody died. Fossil Fuels provided almost all the energy which powered the technology that protected these people from Hurricane Patricia.
Because we have a capped co2 budget to spend before humanity is wiped out, basically.
I live in a consumption driven economy that is driven by goods that neither I nor my peers what to buy anymore,i.e. big houses, cars, plastics. How is the convention working with industries to redesign consumable goods for a post-carbon economy?
Is there any funding for the research into non-people caused climate change?
Will you be addressing the issue of livestock in relation to greenhouse gases and climate change?
Methane is an especially dangerous greenhouse gas and is produced by:
You putting fracking at the top is misleading as fuck. The entire point of fracking is to produce methane. It is unburned methane that is a problem and the main source by several orders of magnitude is animal farming.
What the fuck? Fracking??
Hi Ms. Figueres, A lot of reports are coming out that fossil fuel companies knew about the [risks of carbon pollution long before the general public knew] (
What is it like knowing we know global warming is a redistribution of wealth agenda?
The amount of deniers in this thread is too high!
Do you see biofuels playing a role to help reduce global GHG emissions and if so, what specific steps would you suggest countries take to increase their usage? Thanks.
Are average global temperatures something that can be precisely defined and measured, and does average global temperature data measured according to such a definition exist at time points 50, 100 and 1000+ year ago (and at many times in between) that would allow us to assess incremental changes and small scale variability in world-wide temperatures throughout these spans? If not, what are we comparing today's (adjusted) data to?
Climate Change => 600 million additional hungry people in 2050 ! The paris agreement must be coherent with SDG and mention Food Security. What do you think about ?
In Europe right now, the discussion on climate change seems eclipsed by the urgency of the refugee situation. How do these issues go together?
Ms Figueres, thank you for doing this AMA. Experts have calculated that the current INDCs presented keep us on track for a 3 degree increase in global temperature. What more should be required from governments and industries to put us on a 2 degree track?
As an anthropologist, do you think this is a test in humanism -one where Paris will attest to our innate spirits of eco-altruism, and sidelined egos?
What happens on January 1st in terms of what national governments need to do right away -once we get on our way with the post-2015 agenda? And what can business do to accelerate collective climate action efforts (your message to that community)?
How many refugees will be created by climate change in the next 15 years, and will the Great Green Wall be hindered by the warming planet?
In your own experience, what you imagine is going to be the next step of the UNPCCC to help the countries to reach their conditional mitigation contributions?
Hello Mrs. Figueres, it´s great and optimistic to see the rising awareness and action on climate change going on around the world. I´m more of an ecologist than engineer, but I still have hard times to understand why there is no more focus on solar power. What are the obstacles for more rapid implementation of solar energy right now? Another comment I would have is that there seems to be much more attention payed to GHG and temperature rise, but less is being said about different feedbacks and interactions. for ex. carbon cycle is coupled to nitrogen cycle and global nitrogen cycle has changed dramatically in last 2 centuries thanks to human activities. What is your take on that? Thank you and have a good day!
Dear ms. Figueres. Thank you for doing this AMA. I have two questions:
Can you explain to us the current perspective on the Clathrate Gun Hypothesis / other methane feedback loops?
What penalties are being thought of, to ensure that agreeing countries actually follow this new climate agreement?
Is this the last chance saloon for a UNFCCC agreement? Personally, I think that if this fails, you will lose NGO and global south support. Regional initiatives will come to the fore, and the West will be left with a corporatised relic.
Do you plan on actually shutting down some of the biggest contributors to climate change? Or just give them a slap on the wrist and some new rules for them to break?
Do you believe that future advancements on technology designed to strip carbon out of the air for commercial re-purposing is going to help fill the gap the Paris agreement can't fill with current conventional means?
I don't know if you'll see this! But here goes: The environmental impact of third world countries becoming newly industrialized countries and then transitioning into first world countries is huge. Do you think that the UN should regulate the environmental impact of these countries in any way? And to what extent is regulation imperialistic if first world countries are controlling the economic expansion of third world states?
Does it depress you that the world is catching on to the climate change scam? A blue marble? Are you serious?
What are all you people going to do when it starts getting cold again?
What will you do when you realize how silly you look?
So much much money do you think you'll make with this scam?
They stated that already, 19 trillion by 2030. Yeah, no money influence on this one.
Is it known how much energy usage is too much? At what point are we hurting the environment? I fear for the future because humans are always going to use a lot of energy, are we already past the point of no return and what will we have to do to stop using an amount of energy that is going to lead to climate change?
Might seem like a dumb question.
Everything farts methane. Would you like to pay a tax on your farts?
You look like you might be a shape shifting Reptilian space alien, are you?
Will you ever just admit that climate change is a lie? Climate change is cyclical. Scientists used to rail against global cooling...
Why is it that everytime it seems to rain or get cold you people blame it on climate change, yet climate change in reality has very little to do with it?
Hello Ms, Figueres my question to you is are you compliant in this climate change scam? Or are you as duped as the rest of the population? How many carbon credits for big polluters must be given away, or contracts given to General Electric before this climate change stops?? Or is that the point, it's not supposed to; we just wait for the IIPC to tell us whether we (taxpayers) need to throw more cash at the problem..
Lol you are now an international investigator with the internet as your evidence. You should start a blog uncovering the conspiracy. How are you not famous? Why are businesses and national governments not on your side!
Poverty reduction, hunger eradication and climate change must be addressed together. Don't you think Food security should be in the Paris agreement ?
Hello, I've not trawled through all the questions, so forgive me if this has been asked.
Why aren't you doing anything significant about emissions from agriculture? Livestock cause something like 15% of GHG emissions but nobody is talking about any policies to curb that. As I understand it, they need to be curbed dramatically just like every other major source of emissions.
What percentage of funding that you get is from governments?
Other than just opening your wallet to purchase offset credits, is there any tangeble change the world can come up with?
I think you make a good point but this person deserves a modicum of respect for taking the time to answer our questions, making personal attacks doesn't show the respect or reflect well on reddit for that matter.
Ocean warming, acidification, sea-level rise, and the expansion of oxygen minimum zones will continue to have distinct impacts on marine communities and ecosystems, how can the fishing industry make strides to reduce their carbon footprint?
There is plenty already on the agenda for the Climate Change Conference, but the oceans are closely tied to human systems and we’re putting communities at high risk. What are the chances we will see real conversations around fisheries and the impact of bycatch and a lack of overall efficiency and enforcement?
Will COP 21 will run beyond December into COP21bis? Given the state of the text and lack of agreement, isn't this the best (politically realistic) scenario for a strong Paris Climate Package?
What is the future of CDM? Do you think this mechanism will sustain? If not, how will the existing CDM projects which are generating CERs will be benefitted with any other mechanism under UNFCCC? Regards, Junaed Tazdik, IDCOL, Bangladesh.
Negotiations guided by moral compass = Human rights and food security in the cop21 agreement. Will you support that ?
Hi Christina. Great to see this AMA up on reddit. Just a quick question for you. What do you think of New Zealand's current targets?
If I wanted to work with the UN what would I need to be able to do so?
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *